Today’s post is guest written by my nephew, David. David has recently completed his education and is doing work experience here at Healthy Nutrition Expert. In his first-ever blog post (how exciting!), David is answering the question What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?
I’ll hand over to him now…
Diabetes mellitus type 2 or type 2 diabetes as it is more commonly referred to as is a disorder which consists of the patient having high blood glucose because of a resistance to insulin in the body or a notable lack of insulin in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is traditionally an Adult disease but is becoming more common in children and this could be linked to the issue of rising obesity levels.There are an estimated 23.6 million people in the U.S (7.8 percent of the population) with diabetes, with 17.9 million diagnosed, 90% of whom are type 2.
The causes of type 2 diabetes are varied and to fully understand the causes helps to prevent the risk of infection:
- It is highly transmitted through blood relatives,especially first degree.The strong inheritable genetic connection means people who have parents who suffer from type 2 diabetes have a very high possibility of being infected themselves.
- People who for whatever reason lead an inactive lifestyle present a high risk to themselves,typically doing less than 3 periods of exercise a week can cause diabetes to appear.
- In conjunction with an inactive lifestyle,having an unhealthy one can contribute to a diabetic problem.Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol and being a heavy smoker greatly increases the chances of becoming diabetic type 2.
- As people get older they become vulnerable to diabetes type 2 because as we age our body’s immune system becomes weaker and cannot fight infections as easily as when we were younger.
- The most important risk factor is without a doubt being overweight/obese. The sheer number of fat cells interfere with the glucose metabolism thus reducing the amount of insulin applied to the blood. There is evidence for this from American sources, the rise in child obesity has made what is traditionally an Adult orientated disease a lot more common among children.Having a BMI(body mass index)of over 25 can heighten the risk of becoming diabetic